Busworld Europe 2017

IMG_6906 copy

Busworld Europe 2017 was held for the last time at Kortrijk, Belgium, on October 20-25.

Story & Photos: Ashish Bhatia

Opening its doors to the stakeholders of the bus industry the world over, the 24th edition of Busworld Europe 2017 was held for the last time at Kortrijk, Belgium, on October 20-25. With temperatures hovering between 16 to 20 degree Celsius, visitors from the warmer regions of the world were in for a pleasant surprise. Kortrijk was never this warm some frequent visitors were overheard saying. If comments like these hint at global warming, they also point at the need to cut down emissions, and deploy greener mobility solutions. As if in response to this, the highlight of Busworld Europe 2017 was a diverse display of safe, efficient and green buses. Held over an area of 51,240 sq. m, Busworld Europe 2017 attracted 37,241 visitors. The premier show attracted 376 participants. Expressed Mieke Glorieux, Exhibition Director at Busworld, that the fair was moving to Brussels from the next edition. With the 24th edition of Busworld to be held in Brussels, participants could look forward to occupying twice the exhibition area of what they have been availing at Kortrijk. Despite expanding over an artificial pond to accomodate as many exhibitors as it could, the organisers were compelled to turn down the request of 90 companies.

Reflecting upon the most recent and the best in buses, Busworld Europe 2017 had 231 vehicles in exhibitor stalls. With more buses than coaches on display, the biennial show, for the first time, put on display 80 vehicles outside the premises. Said Glorieux, “We have had an overwhelming response from exhibitors. We have had 90 companies on the waiting list. We ran out of space to the tune of 10,000 sq. m. We have lost an opportunity.” Hoping that they will run short of space at Brussels as well, Glorieux stressed upon a healthy growth Busworld has been enjoying show-after-show. At the core of the Busworld exhibitions that are held the world over, including India, Busworld Europe continues to be the most popular. It reflects upon the changes the bus industry the world over is going through like no other. Highlighting sustainable mobility solutions and last mile feeder solutions, the organisers of Busworld Europe 2017, in association with UITP (International association of public transport) organised an International bus conference to advocate the benefits of public transport. The introductory session of the conference delved upon electrification of buses and coaches, and how the same could be mass produced. Drawing attention to research and innovation projects like ‘ZeEUS’ and ‘Ebsf’, the conference focused on ‘true’ sustainable mobility solutions. Over 450 delegates attended the conference.

Busworld awards copy

The Busworld Awards night (erstwhile European Coach and Bus Week) saw leading bus and coach manufacturers win awards across various categories. The Irizar i8 coach won the Coach of the Year 2018 award. VDL Citea Slfa Electric won the ‘Sustainable Urban Bus 2018’ award. Iveco Crossway LE Natural Power won the ‘Sustainable Intercity Bus 2018’ award. Setra S 516 HD/2 won the ‘Sustainable Coach 2018’ award. MAN Lion’s Coach won the prestigious award in the coach category. Mercedes-Benz Citaro hybrid of Daimler buses won an award in the bus category. Iveco Crealis and MAN Lion coach won award under the ‘comfort’ category. The design label award was won by Mercedes-Benz Tourismo M/2, BMC Neocity and MAN Lion coach. In the area of safety, the Tourismo M/2 and Citaro hybrid won awards. In the ecology category, the VDL Citea SLF-120 Electric and Yutong E12 won an award each. Alstom Aptis won the innovation award.

India Day

The India Day marked a round table conference at Kortrijk. Discussion centred on India’s passenger mobility, and attracted bus and coach industry stakeholders. Ananth Srinivasan, Senior Consultant – Mobility, Frost & Sullivan, expressed that the mobility market in India is booming. “There’s huge potential,” he mentioned. Drawing attention to the opportunities that global manufacturers could tap, Srinivasan averred, “The liberal policies of the Indian government are boosting the bus and coach industry growth. This is particularly the case with staff and school bus segments.” Drawing attention to a 2014 report sourced from the Planning Commission, ‘Transporting India – a 2032 projection’, Srinivasan said that the Indian bus and coach market peaked in 2000. After experiencing a dip in 2014, sales have continued to pick-up, and are largely driven the staff and school bus segment, he said. By referring to a recent study by the Society of Indian Automobile Manufactures (SIAM), which expects growth to continue for the next three years, Srinivasan mentioned that growth is expected to follow policy changes in the run up to Lok Sabha elections in 2019. Attributing demand in the Indian bus and coach market to inter-city transport space, Srinivasan expressed that inter-city fleet replacement (with State Transport Corporations at the fore-front) accounts for 20 per cent of the market. School, labour and sub segments amount for 15 per cent, he informed. Bucking the trend of cyclic demand, Srinivasan stated that operators are buying buses even during the off-season period.

Describing the bus and coach market trends in India as positive, Akash Passey, Senior Vice President, Business Region International, Volvo Bus Corporation, expressed that they are yet to see actual industry growth. “The challenge,” said Passey, “is to transition from high volumes to high quality.” MG Group executive director Prakash Kalbag stressed on the market’s progression from building bodies on truck chassis to building bodies on dedicated bus chassis. He drew attention to the government encouraging standardisation. Remarked Kalbag, “Bus building has been brought under the Central Motor Vehicle Act.” A Scania Group representative averred that the bus and coach market in India is yet to take off in terms of safety and quality.

_MG_7219 copy _MG_7214 copy

MAN Truck & Bus

Under the ‘Mobility of Tomorrow’ theme, MAN Truck & Bus AG displayed five buses at the Busworld. The Lion coach was the highlight of the display. The Lion coach is now available in 13 m length, and can seat six more people. Powering the coach is a 460 hp (D2676 LOH) six-cylinder diesel engine. Complying with ECE R66.02 safety standards according to Jan Aichinger, Vice President, MAN Truck & Bus AG, the Lion coach offers ‘efficient cruise’, ‘efficient roll’ and ‘attention guard’. MAN also displayed the Lion Intercity and City Hybrid.

IMG_7379 copy IMG_7376 copy


With electromobility and safety as a theme, Volvo Bus Corportaion displayed a 12 m 7900 electric bus with the OppCharge charging system. The bus offers superior operate-ability, courtesy a higher battery power (three times more) of 250 kWh. The earlier model came with a 150 kWh battery pack. Offering a host of charging options, the 7900 electric bus reflects on the direction of bus technology development. Premiering ‘Thinking Bus’ tech (about how a bus can think and learn from its surroundings), Volvo showcased dynamic steering technology, pedestrian and cyclist detection technology, and bus docking solutions. Highlighting its intention to test electric articulated buses in Gothenburg, Hakan Agnevall, President, Vovo Bus Corporation, expressed that Euro5 and Euro6 technologies are the most sustainable from an environmental, financial and social point of view.

IMG_7407 copy IMG_7411 copy

Daimler Buses

The theme at Daimler Buses was safety, economy and comfort. The company premiered the Citaro Hybrid urban 12 m two axle bus; Tourismo right-hand-drive high-deck touring coach (two and three-axle); left-hand-drive Sprinter City 45 13-seat mini-bus. The Setra S 531 DT double-decker bus (Top Class 500) also debuted at the fair. Showcasing active brake assist and pedestrian detection tech, Daimler announced Omniplus, a service for Mercedes-Benz and Setra buses. Said Martin Biewald, CEO, EvoBus, that Omniplus supports efficient fleet operations. Biewald expressed that they are looking for higher localisation in India.

IMG_7121 copy_new copy


French high-tech start-up company EasyMile displayed the EZ10 electric driverless shuttle. Autonomous, and capable of operating within a precinct or confined area, the EZ10 is aimed at last mile connectivity. The EZ10 is powered by an electric asynchronous motor fed by a Lithium-ion (LiFeP04) battery. Capable of attaining speeds of up to 40 kmph, the shuttle, measuring four-metre in length, has no steering wheel nor a front and rear. Either end of the shuttle can act as a front or the rear. Capable of changing the direction of travel, the EZ10 can accommodate 12 passengers (six seating and six standing). Easymile claims that the EZ10, since 2015, has been deployed at more than 50 sites, in 14 countries across Asia, North-America, Middle-East, and Europe.

IMG_7435 copy IMG_7444 copy


Emphasising on alternate fuel technologies like natural gas, bio-gas, ethanol, biodiesel, and Hydrotreated Vegetable Oil (HVO), Scania showcased the 12.9 m HVO ‘Touring HD’ bus; 14.9 m bio-gas ‘Citywide LE Suburban’ bus; electric ‘Citywide LF’ bus; 13.2 m biodiesel/HVO ‘Interlink LD’ bus, and a 12.8 m HVO ‘Interlink HD’ bus. Keen to offer tailor-made solutions to address the needs of different markets, Christian Levin, Executive Vice President, Sales and Marketing, Scania, mentioned that they want to make public transport safe and attractive.

IMG_7034 copy


Elctric bus torchbearer, BYD unveiled an electric midi-bus for the European market. First of its kind from BYD, the midi-bus will be made in Hungary, and measures 8.7 m in length. Capable of accommodating 58 commuters, the low-floor midi-bus has a travel range of 200 km on a single charge. Other than the midi-bus, BYD displayed the 12 m ebus (first BYD vehicle built 100 per cent in Europe). Announced Isbrand Ho, Managing Director of BYD Europe, that others will find it hard to match their integrated supply chain. Stressing upon his company’s design prowess and capability as a battery manufacturer, Ho said, “Anyone without their own battery design capability will find it hard since battery is at the core of an electric bus.” Managing to carve out a significant presence in Europe, BYD is invading numerous global markets with a promise to offer green mass mobility solutions.

IMG_7540 copy


MAN subsidiary, Neoplan displayed the Classic Skyliner double-decker touring coach. It is celebrating 50 years of success, and has found 5000 takers in various markets. At the Busworld, Neoplan announced the delivery of the 5000th Skyliner. Displaying a 13 m long two-axle Neoplan Tourliner, which is aimed at business travellers, Neoplan revealed that it will commence series production of 100 per cent electric city buses in 2019. Mentioned Jan Aichinger, Vice President, MAN Truck & Bus AG,“We will unveil a pre-series bus version of a Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV), and test a demo fleet with various European operators.” “In India,” said Aichinger, “we are waiting for a strong business case.”

IMG_7485 copy IMG_7487 copy


China-based Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co., Ltd., premiered a 12.1 m electric bus called the E12. Capable of travelling 320 km, the E12 is powered by a 324 kWh lithium-ion battery pack. Accommodating between 23 and 37 people depending on the variant, the E12 makes an attractive bus. Apart from the E12, Yutong also displayed an electric inter-city 12.3 m bus called the Ice12. It has a 270 km drive range, and seats 59 people. It is powered by a 258 kWh lithium-ion battery pack. Yutong also displayed a Euro6 12.2 m long T12 grand tourist coach.

IMG_7181 copy IMG_7179 copy

Anadolu Isuzu

Anadolu Isuzu launched the Novociti Life, a new generation low-floor bus that addresses the travelling needs of disabled people and elderly passengers. The 9.5 m Visigo coach the company displayed, measures 9.5 m in length and contains Mobileye Shield Plus, an advanced collision avoidance system. Displaying the Citiport, Citibus, Novo Ultra and the Turquoise, Anadolu Isuzu attracted a good number of visitors to its stall. It is anticipating big bus market to pick-up. Expressed Tugrul Arikan, GM, Anadolu Isuzu, “We want to build an export championship title in the midi-bus segment. We are targeting 60 export markets by 2020.”

IMG_7515 copy IMG_7521 copy


Iveco showcased a new generation Daily mini-bus. Available in school bus guise, inter-city bus guise and tourist bus guise, the Daily mini-bus, in tourist bus guise, measures 7.4 m, and is powered by a 180 hp three-litre Euro6 diesel engine. Iveco also displayed the next generation Daily Tourys, Daily Line and Daily Start. The Daily mini-bus Blue Power range that the company displayed is powered by a natural gas engine. The electric version offers a range of 100 to 160 km with two or three high density sodium nickel chloride batteries that are combined with high-power ultra capacitors. On display were the Iveco Crossway 14.5 m low-entry city and an inter-city bus powered by a Cursor 9 diesel engine. Iveco also displayed the upscale Euro6 Evadys coach, and the Magelys.

IMG_7501 copy IMG_7499 copy


Turkish bus and coach builder Temsa unveiled a MD9 tourist coach and a LD SB Plus school bus. It also displayed the TS45, and the flagship Marathon bus. Apart from the HD 12 and MD7 Plus, the company showcased an electric bus called the Avenue Electron. Competing in most segments on the basis of a diverse product range, Temsa, said Acar Kocaer, International Sales Director, is aiming at a 43 per cent rise in exports by the end of this calendar year.

IMG_7299 copy IMG_7308 copy

VDL Bus & Coach

VDL Bus & Coach (VDL) showcased the 12.7 m Citea LLE, 14.1 m luxury Futura double-decker (FDD2-141) and the MidCity midi-bus. Also displayed was a 18.1 m VDL Citea SLFA Electric articulated bus aimed at the Bus Rapid Transport (BRT) system. The VDL Citea SLF-120 Electric bus measures 12 m in lenth, and is a low-floor concept bus for urban use. The Citea LLE-99 Electric is a low entry 9.9 m bus with a start-stop function, and an integrated regeneration system. Suitable for city and regional operations, the Citea LLE can avail of rapid charging infrastructure. Despite proliferation of electric technology, VDL is confident of diesel engine technology continuing to play an important role in the future.

IMG_7078 copy IMG_7083 copy

Sileo GmbH

Sileo GmbH showcased a 12 m Sileo electric S12 bus with a travel range of 400 kms. It is powered by a 300 kWh battery pack, and can accommodate 108 passengers. Claimed to consume 0.7 to 0.8 kWh per km, the bus, with an efficiency level of 98 per cent, could be charged by plugging in. Capable of a top speed of 75 kmph, the Sileo is equipped with Standard Charging Technology (SL), which includes a mobile device to charge a single vehicle. The Dynamic Charge Matrix (DCM) technology enables the charging of 10 vehicles simultaneously. The 18 m S18 bus that Sileo displayed, has a 400 km range, and is powered by a 450 kWh battery pack. It can seat 136 passengers, and consumes 1.1 to 1.3 kWh per km. Sileo, at the show, also showcased energy efficient heating and air conditioning solutions for the electric bus range.

_MG_7235 copy _MG_7238 copy

Solaris Bus & Coach

Solaris Bus & Coach premiered the fourth generation Solaris Urbino 18 electric, Solaris Urbino with a serial hybrid drive, and Solaris Urbino 10.5. The Urbino 18 measures 18 m in length, and is a vestibule bus. It is fitted with a 240 kW central traction motor, and has a battery capacity of 240kWh. Charged by plugging-in or via a pantograph, the vestibule bus can seat 140 passengers. The Urbino hybrid bus uses a BAE HybriDrive, and can recuperate kinetic energy under braking. The Solaris Urbino 10.5 is powered by a 209 hp Cummins ISB6.7E6C engine, and measures 10.5 m in length. It can seat 23 passengers.

Irizar i8 copy IMG_7051 copyietram copy


Displaying the i8, which won the ‘European Coach of the Year’ award, Irizar also showcased the 6s and i4H (hybrid). It also displayed a 12 m (ie) electric city bus and a 18 m (ie) trambus electric. The new virtual cockpit that Irizar displayed with a 12.32 inch dynamic display attracted a lot of attention. Keen to offer custom made coaches that provide the driver a comfortable working environment, Irizar is working on new engines. It is also working to optimise cooling, and on a new steering pump to achieve superior fuel savings. The company’s emobility subsidiary is working on integrated electromobility solutions. The new plant Irizar has commissioned in Spain, will build 1000 units per annum.

IMG_7455 copy

Van Hool

Van Hool of Belgium manufactures approximately 1,400 buses and coaches, and as many as 4,000 commercial vehicles annually of which 80 per cent are exported. It offers a complete range of buses for public transport for international markets, ranging from a 9 m midi bus to a 25 m double articulated low floor bus. At Busworld, Van Hool unveiled a 18.6 m Exqui.City electric trambus (Glider vehicle) in the presence of The Lord Mayor of Belfast, Councillar Nuala McAllister. Designed for Belfast, the Exqui.City combines the flexibility of a bus with efficiency of a tram. It can accommodate 107 commuters, and has a range of 120 km. Van Hool also displayed a 14 m version of Exqui.City. Both the trambuses are engineered to run on electricity or hybrid (diesel-electric and CNG-electric) propulsion systems. The electric version is equipped with a 215 kWh lithium-ion battery pack. Van Hool also displayed the TX11 Alicron, TX16 Astron, TX17 Altano, TDX27, EX16 M, EX15 H and EX17 H at the Busworld.

IMG_7262 copy IMG_7253 copy IMG_7252 copy IMG_7244 copy

Cummins Inc

Cummins Inc. reiterated its ambition to become a powertrain provider of choice. The engine maker displayed diverse solutions – from diesel hybrid to fully electric powertrains. A fully electric powetrain that Cummins displayed, could be employed in either a full Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV) or a Range Extended Electric Vehicle (REEV). A REEV combines battery power with a compact engine generator, and is aimed at buses that ply over longer distances, and well beyond the availability of city charging. A battery pack of three enclosures (210 kWh) can provide a zero-emission range of up to 135 km in REEV. Evaluating battery lease programmes apart from the production of complete powertrains and ancillaries by 2019, Cummins is also looking at opportunity charging technologies.

Prawaas 2017: A show of the operators

Opening Image copy

Over 3000 bus and cab operators came together to make the inaugural edition of Prawaas expo a success.

Story by: Ashish Bhatia

Over 3000 bus and cab operators found their way to Vashi, Navi Mumbai, on July 28, 2017. They came to participate in the inaugural edition of a bus and cab exhibition – Prawaas 2017, organised by their apex body, the Bus Operators Confederation of India (BOCI). Held at the CIDCO Exhibition Centre in Vashi, the fair, organised by BOCI in association with MM Activ Sci-Tech Communications, attracted over 120 participants, including bus and car OEMs, and many delegations. To be held at different locations starting next year, the inaugural edition, under the theme ‘safe, smart and sustainable transport’, presented an effective platform to private bus and cab operators – big and small. Visited by 10 international delegates, 80 industry experts, and 100,000 trade visitors, the fair saw participants showcase their products, technologies, aggregates, and more to forward their business interests. Proving to be the right platform for service providers, and those that indulge in training and skill development, the fair reflected upon the change that is taking place in the Indian bus and the cab industry. Expressed Akash Passey, Senior Vice President, Business Region International, Volvo Bus Corporation, that the event marks a turning point. “For someone who has been associated with the bus industry for the last 25 years, it is good to see operators working in the same direction and towards the improvement of the industry,” he mentioned.

Pointing at an ability to work together, and to provide high service standards, the fair provided the stakeholders of the bus and cab industry an opportunity to explore new avenues of growth, and possibilities. The coming together of private and public operators to achieve a common goal for example. Facilitating interaction among vehicle manufacturers, fleet operators, policy makers, NGOs, and innovators, Prawaas 2017 reflected upon global trends and best practices. Through the seminars that were held on the sidelines of the show, experts in the industry provided an insight into how the industry is changing, and how it is addressing the various challenges it is facing. Highlighting how operators are putting customers ahead of everything else, the fair, held over three days, saw participants voice their concerns and achievements. Expressed Prasanna Patwardhan, President of BOCI council, and CMD of Prasanna Purple, “The idea (of the fair) first germinated in 2001 owing to a service tax levy followed by a period of lull due to an abatement that followed in 2004. The recurring hike of the levy in 2014 led to us contemplating a national level representation.” The objective is to promote health, happiness and economic prosperity of the society through safe, smart and sustainable transport, he averred.

Change of perception

Drawing attention to the changing perception of public transportation in other parts of the world, Patwardhan called upon the government, operators, NGOs, and others, to come together to achieve a common goal. He opined that transportation is given priority as per the needs globally, and not as per the size of the vehicle, which is a case in India. It is because of this, that buses are prohibited from plying on some congested routes, he said. Echoing the sentiments of bus and cab operators in the country, Patwardhan spoke about the issues faced by them. In his inaugural speech, he urged union transport minister Nitin Gadkari, the chief guest, to look at three specific issues (one nation, one permit tax; elevation of maximum allowed speed from 80 to 120 kmph, and all-India permit to sleeper coach) faced by them.

2nd Image copy

In his speech, T. Venkatraman, Senior Vice President, Global Buses, Ashok Leyland, averred that a solidarity of purpose was needed. “There is a sense of urgency today to transform the country to what it is truly capable of, and we are willing to offer all the support possible,” he said. Pledging support as an Original Equipment Manufacturer to BOCI, Girish Wagh, Head – Commercial Vehicle Business Unit, Tata Motors, expressed that the passenger transportation industry has specific set of needs. “BOCI as a forum will fulfil them,” he mentioned. Providing an important perspective in his speech, Passey expressed that India is the world’s second largest bus market by volume after China. He opined that an important milestone of building a bus ground up has been achieved by India. Touching upon key developments like a rising movement to rear-engine buses, air-conditioned buses, and towards a PPP model, Passey explained, “There is a need to benchmark with global standards. There is a need for a definitive synergy between the government, the association of State Transport Undertakings (STUs), and bus operators to achieve a common goal of improving public transportation.”

In his inaugural speech, the minister of tourism for Maharashtra state, Jayapura Rawal, said that buses are playing a crucial role in promoting tourism. Pointing at the Greyhound Lines, Inc., which serves more than 3800 destinations across North America with a modern and environment friendly bus fleet, he mentioned that the state will soon open 10 integrated tourism hot spots with all the amenities. Assuring reform in transport and the associated infrastructure, Gadkari, in his speech, said that the government is taking a host of initiatives in road engineering. Citing road safety as the top most priority, the minister averred that an expenditure of Rs.11000 crore was incurred on improving the national highways. Urging bus operators to deploy quality drivers on the job, Gadkari informed that 2000 driver training centers would be launched across the country in the near future. With stress on increasing the length of national highways from 96,000 km to 1,75,000 km, the union transport minister stated that the total length of highways has gone up from 5,000 km to 22,500 km in Maharashtra.

Quality roads

Assuring that his government will provide roads of international quality, Gadkari touched upon the use of cement. Roads of international quality will elevate operator efficiency, he said. Calling upon OEMs to build high quality buses, Gadkari said that the ministry will hold the respective OEM accountable for any lapse in quality. Telling them to refrain from offering substandard products, the union transport minister revealed that he has finalised the amendments to the bus and sleeper coach code. Stressing upon quality not once but many times, Gadkari called upon for the use of alternate fuels to provide a high quality experience to commuters at lower costs. Stating that it was possible to reduce the cost of bus fares by approximately 25 per cent with the us of alternate fuel, Gadkari reasoned a need to reduce the import bill of Rupees seven-lakh crore the nation incurs to import crude oil. Touching upon the use of bio-diesel and ethanol among other alternate fuels, the minister explain that 15 home grown companies will provide second generation ethanol. He Mentioned that the price of lithium-ion battery packs has dropped by 30 per cent. Stressing upon the need to go fully-electric, Gadkari stated, “You (OEMs) have to offer import substitute; cost effective and indigenous products in line with the make in India vision.” Keen to see the number of buses increase to 40,00,000 from the current 17,00,000, the minister explained that his government would encourage the use of public transport.


Recognising industry leaders, BOCI felicitated excellence through the ‘Prawaas Excellence Awards’. Contributions in the area of best practices, services and innovations were the hallmarks of the awards curated by EY (erstwhile Ernst & Young).


Conference at Prawaas 2017 delved upon a diverse range of topics including passenger footfall increase, creation of uniform regulatory framework for ease of doing business, capacity building through skill development, and tapping emerging opportunities in multi-modal integrated transport solutions among others.

Mahindra & Mahindra

Mahindra Trucks and Buses (MTB) displayed a wide (2350 mm) body Comfio bus for staff transportation with a seating capacity for 40 people. Providing more shoulder room and gangway space due to greater width, the Comfio, available in two different wheelbases (4200 mm and 5260 mm), marks the company’s renewed thrust in the bus space. With a range of new buses expected from the manufacturer, including some on the new ICV platform that it is developing, and will be unveiled next year, stress is also being laid on alternate fuel te chnologies. IMG_6670 copy

Volvo Buses

Volvo Buses displayed the Hybrid city bus and the BSIV emission compliant 9400 multi-axle coach. Both the buses are premium offerings, and showcase technology in the form of superior comfort and safety for the commuters. The buses feature ABS, Electronic Braking System (EBS), disc brakes and hill-start among others.

20170728_123143 copy


Scania India

Scania India displayed a 12 m Euro6 city bus. It is powered by a five-cylinder, nine-litre diesel engine that developes 280 hp at 1900 rpm and a peak torque of 1350 Nm at 1400 rpm. The 32-seat low-floor bus is equipped with a six-speed ZF ecolife transmission with an integrated retarder. Suspension is pneumatic all-round. Other features include an electronic braking system, Anti-lock Braking System (ABS), Electronic Stability Program (ESP) and a reverse camera.

20170728_110214 copy


Putting up an attractive display, ICICI Bank highlighted its CV funding schemes, which promise quicker processing, flexible repayment and up to 100 per cent funding on the chassis.

20170728_153129 copy

Ashok Leyland

Ashok Leyland displayed a 36-seat 130 hp BSIV Lynx Smart and 160 hp Viking staff bus. The company also displayed a 225 hp Freedom front-engine inter-city ‘comfort’ coach. The Freedom can seat up to 41 people depending upon the configuration an operator chooses.

20170728_110118 copy

Force Motors

Force Motors displayed Traveller passenger vehicle variants including the one that was customised by Pinnacle Modify. The company also displayed the BSIV Trax range of utility vehicles.

20170728_122638 copy

Tata Motors

Tata Motors showcased a wide range of its smart city commercial vehicle offerings. These included the Ultra electric bus, the Magic and the Magic Iris electric passenger vehicles.

20170728_123250 copy

VE Commercial Vehicles

VE Commercial Vehicles (VECV) displayed the Skyline Pro midi-bus (AC). The company also displayed a 16-tonne staff bus with an Automated Manual Transmission (AMT).

IMG_6624 copy

MG Group

Announcing that it will build sleeper coach for Scania on its 14.8 m multi-axle bus chassis, the MG Group displayed its tarmac coach ‘Columbus’, highlighting an OEM play. The MG Group also displayed a ‘Shivshahi’ inter-city 12 m front-engine mid-premium bus built for MSRTC. Based on a 180 hp Tata LPO bus chassis, the ‘Shivshahi’ bus order amounts to 250 units. As per the agreement, MG Group will transfer the design of the bus to MSRTC. Confident of the Mammoth premium front-engine bus project in association with MAN achieving greater success, MG Group is banking on tarmac coach to invade a special application market not only in India, but also the world over. The Columbus complies with international tarmac coach manual, and is a modular design.


Bangalore-based Veera Vahana Udyog Pvt. Ltd., displayed the Veera Samrat 12 m high-deck sleeper coach. Indicating an OEM play with key components like engine, transmission and axles sourced from the respective suppliers the Samrat, also called as C7, marks an important milestone in the history of the company. Having 30 berths, the bus weighs 16.2-tonne. A front-engine design powered by a 230 hp Cummins BS5.9 series engine and a six-speed manual transmission, the sleeper coach complies with the sleeper coach code. It features Wavellar spring type suspension at the front. Rear suspension is pneumatic. Creature comfort is dialed by JTAC (Astro-540) AC, stylish and comfortable sleeping berths, CCTV, infotainment systems, navigation guiding lights, charging points, reading-lamps and an emergency exit door at the rear. Veera Vahana also displayed a school bus in ‘left hand drive’ guise for the Middle East markets.

IMG_6555 copy

Wabco India

The highlight of Wabco India was its AMT technology. The company displayed a Tata Marcopolo staff bus bus with AMT. Finding use on buses dveleoped by a host of manufacturers in India, including Tata Motors and Ashok Leyland the AMT setup includes an ECU that communicates with the engine ECU. An hydraulic shift unit, mechatronic in nature executes shifts. Elevating safety by reducing driver fatigue and elevating fuel efficiency by selecting optimal gear ratios, AMT is cost effective when compared to an automatic transmission.

IMG_6543 copy


KPIT displayed ARAI certified Intelligent Transport System (ITS) for JNNURM II compliant buses. It comprises of a gamut of technologies that are said to facilitate better passenger travel experience. These include automatic vehicle location, over the air calibration, Passenger Information System (PIS), surveillance camera, emergency voice calling, ETM interface and Vehicle Health Monitoring & Diagnostics (VHMD).

IMG_6628 copy


Eberspächer Sütrak Bus Climate Control Systems India Pvt. Ltd., showcased a new air conditioning system meant for large buses (AC332). The company also showcased an AC for the mini bus segment manufactured at its Bengaluru facility.

IMG_6673 copy


Jingyi Trans Climate Control System India (P) Ltd., (JTAC) displayed a Snow Leopard AC series. The company specialises in the manufacture of a wide range of ACs for inter-city, intra-city, sleeper coach, staff, school and special application buses. With emphasis on an efficient support network to ensure a positive user experience, the company is looking to ride the growth wave in buses.

IMG_6669 copy

Hiager India

Hiager India Air Conditioning Pvt. Ltd. displayed a bus AC model for 12 m and 14 m coaches. The company offers bus ACs in the 12 kW to 43 kW range. Suitable for use in five-metre to 14 m long buses, the ACs the company offers are claimed to be backed by an efficient support network.

IMG_6682 copy

Pricol Ltd.

Pricol showcased its range of speed governors at the fair. These are aimed at addressing the regulatory need for fitting of speed governors of buses so that they do not exceed a stipulated maximum speed and compromise safety. The range consists of a DC motor type (single speed) governor and a fuel solenoid type (single speed and dual speed) governor. The latter features a micro-controller based design, and is claimed to not cause a reduction in the fuel flow to the engine ensuring full power to it.

20170728_151500 copy

Allison Transmission

Allison displayed a cutaway of the auto transmission it offers. Claimed to elevate fuel efficiency, safety, and reliability by eliminating the shocks suffered by a manual transmission driveline every time the transfer of power is interrupted and re-introduced, the company caters to the need of truck, bus and defence vehicle manufacturers and users. Combining advanced features like ABS and EBS compatible integral retarders, the company has developed the T180 auto transmission model especially for the Indian market. It is deployed in front-engine buses plying in various cities in India, including the BRT buses in Ahmedabad.

20170728_191913 copy

Hella India Lighting Ltd.

Hella India Lighting Ltd. displayed a host of products it supplies to the bus industry. Of particular interest were the halogen, xenon and LED lamps on display. The company immersed LED lamps in a tank of water to demonstrate their ability to work even under the most severe conditions without fail.

20170728_151717 copy

Wheels India

Wheels India Ltd., displayed control and specialty products like leveling valve, electronic controlled air suspension and the electronic kneeling system among others.

20170728_185849 copy

ACMA Automechanika New Delhi

_DSC0089.JPG copy

Auto component players from the world over marked their presence at the trade fair.

Story & Photos:

Bhargav TS

The third edition of ACMA Automechanika New Delhi once again reinforced its position as an effective sourcing and networking platform for auto components players from India and the world over. Attracting 552 exhibitors from 17 countries, the fair proved to be a good platform to highlight the latest trends in the aftermarket. Facilitating serious business discussions, the four-day event saw auto components manufacturers showcase their innovations as well as their rising capabilities. Held at Delhi as the name would aptly suggest, the biennial fair saw wholesalers, distributors, traders, and components manufacturers, speak about the present and the future; about synergies and their plans to grow. With latest advancements and solutions in the fields of parts, systems, tuning, workshop equipment, bodywork and paintwork, car wash, IT and management, and automobile services on display, the third edition of the fair saw higher participation as compared to the earlier edition of the fair. Companies like Schaeffler Group, Ample Autotech, Elofic, ZF India, Shriram Pistons, Valeo India, Mansons, Liqui Moly, and ACDelco among others, turned the fair into an important event for the auto industry. Expressed Rattan Kapoor, President, ACMA, during his inaugural speech, “ACMA Automechanika showcases the prowess of the industry. It enables international players to source from India, both products and technologies, and create an opportunity for business alliances.” Opined Michael Johannes, Vice President, Brand Management Automechanika, MesseFrankfurt Exhibition GmbH, “Since its debut in 2013, ACMA Automechanika New Delhi has grown in quantity and quality. This shows the great potential the Indian automotive market has, and the interest in it.”

20170324_134643 copyRecording a 40 per cent increase in international participation this year, the fair had six dedicated pavilions representing China, Germany, Korea, Singapore, Taiwan and UK. There were also the individual overseas participants who represented Hong Kong, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Malaysia, Poland, Russia, Thailand, UAE and the USA. Marking a 28 per cent increae in exhibitors, and 25 per cent increase in exhibition space over the 215 edition, 15,150 business visitors made it to the fair. A noticeable uptake in overseas visitors was observed, and turned the fair into an ideal meeting ground for various stakeholders of the auto industry.


ACMA Automechanika New Delhi 2017 had a safety pavilion called ‘ACMA Safer Drives’. It marked an initiative on road safety and use of genuine components. Visitors were sensitised towards ensuring their safety and that of other road users by demanding genuine auto parts. A two-day conference on ‘Preparing Aftermarket for Digital Economy & The Road Ahead’ looked at new online business platforms like ecommerce and mwallets. Domain experts spoke not just about the two online business platforms, but also about safer ways of doing businesses using new mediums that are bringing the world together, turning it into one single market. A seminar on the second day of the fair highlighted key trends in the aftermarket, and delved into the future of the aftermarket while looking at areas like telematics, alternate fuels, vehicle servicing, eretailing and GST. With the next edition of the fair to focus on the needs of the growing Indian aftermarket, companies made it a point to unveil new, exciting products that are reflective of the changing nature of automobiles as well as the way the auto components industry has come to operate.

20170322_160948 copy

New arrivals

AC Delco unveiled a ‘Cabin Air Filter’, which is made up of a high-quality multiple fibre layer media, and is equipped to trap up to 95 per cent dirt, dust, pollen particles and other pollutants. The filter facilitates improved airflow and aids defrosting performance of the AC system. The supplier also displayed its range of aftermarket offerings. Said Rajesh Nangia, Director ACDelco India, “The new ‘Cabin Air Filter’ will meet the rising demand of a product that was developed keeping in mind the degrading cabin air quality.” Schaeffler India Automotive launched intelligent component and repair solutions in the form of a Dual Mass Flywheel (DMF), Self-Adjusting Clutch (SAC), Double Clutch Technology, FAG SmartSET and INA Chain Drive kit. Liqui Moly launched Molygen new generation oils for special protection against wear. Gaziabad Precision Products introduced new valve train components and other engine parts. Mahle International GmbH unveiled a new cabin filter with S5 broadband technology, which provides five-fold protection against pollen, bacteria, mould, fine particulates and odours. ZF Aftermarket promoted its Openmatics telematics platform that can help access data collected from the vehicle on a web portal with the help of a computer, tablet or a smartphone. The Openmatics Dashboard offers customers the scope to develop new ideas that enhance customer service. For example, faster processing of vehicle returns at rental car companies. According to ZF sources, Openmatics is a free platform.

20170322_143609 copy

Featured products

Shriram Pistons & Rings showcased a range of pistons, rings, pins and engine valves. Its sister concern showcased cylinder heads, cylinder liners, connecting rods and filters. Allied Nippon displayed disc brake pads, brake shoes, brake linings. Delphi Automotive Systems showcased 11 product lines across four different categories, included steering, suspension and brake parts. Elofic Industries exhibited a wide range of filters and lubricants suitable for a wide range of vehicles, starting with two wheeler and going up to earthmoving equipment. Participating for the first time in this event, Oerlikon displayed transmission synchronisers and differential components. Jamna Auto Industries showcased its entire product portfolio including suspension parts like leaf springs, parabolic leaf springs, axles and lift axles. The aftermarket business constitutes 15 to 18 per cent of the company’s overall business. Climax Overseas Pvt. Ltd., displayed engine mounts, centre bearings, bushings, oil seals and gaskets, and filter components.

20170322_151259 copy

Aftermarket study

In order to understand the growing impact of urbanisation, changing customer preferences and choice of vehicle ownerships, ACMA shared a comprehensive study on the `Indian Automotive Aftermarket: The Road Ahead’ during the fair. According to the findings of the study, the Indian automotive aftermarket, valued at Rs.56,098 crore (USD $ 8.4 billion) in FY2016-17, is expected to reach Rs.75,705 crore (USD $ 13 billion) by FY2019-20, a growth of 10.5 per cent CAGR. The comprehensive study delved upon vehicle parc analysis, used car market, taxi market, trends and size of the aftermarket, eretail and regulations. The Indian automotive components sector is a USD $ 39 billion industry, the study mentions, contributing around 4 per cent to India’s GDP. Taking a holistic view of the aftermarket business potential in the wake of growing urbanisation, the study highlights the shift in average vehicle age in India. Looking at changing customer preferences, vehicle ownership pattern, evolving taxi market and a rise in the pre-owned car segment, the study also looks at vehicle replacement patterns and servicing habits. ACMA’s knowledge partner for the study, Frost & Sullivan, conducted an extensive research through numerous interviews and collected data from various stakeholders in India.

Putting the current vehicle population in the country at an estimated 228.7 million as per the transport authorities, the study puts OE spares account at 40 per cent of the total consumption. The remaining 60 per cent spares are evenly split between IAM (Independent AfterMarket) branded parts and U-parts (parts from the Unorganised segment). The IAM-branded parts consumption is highest in the CV segment. It is estimated to be 50 per cent of the total consumption. The tractor segment, the study mentions, exhibits the highest consumption of U-parts at 40 per cent.

20170322_151241 copy

As per the study, Maharashtra accounts for the largest number of registered two wheelers, three wheelers and commercial vehicles. The NCR (Northern Capital Region) accounts for the highest population of passenger cars, with Maharashtra a close second. As per the study, the NCR region and Greater Chennai have the highest population of two wheelers at 6.1 million and 5.1 million respectively. Greater Mumbai, according to the study, has the highest number of three wheeler registrations at 3,65,500 vehicles. The highest commercial vehicle registrations are in the NCR region, Greater Hyderabad, Greater Mumbai and Bangalore whereas Bhatinda and Ferozpur have the highest tractor populations at 72,900 numbers, and 71,000 numbers respectively. Of the total Indian aftermarket, the two- and three-wheeler segments account for around Rs.12,038 crore; the passenger car segment accounts for around Rs.18,970 crore; commercial vehicles account for around Rs 19,748 crore, and tractors account for Rs.5,342 crore. Gujarat, the study mentions, is among the top five states where replacement market demand across all vehicle segments is the highest. Maharashtra features in the top five across all vehicle segments not counting the tractor segment. The penetration of counterfeit auto components has drastically reduced from 36 per cent in FY2010-11 to five per cent in FY2016-17 as per the study. Their place has been taken by U-parts. The report highlights alternate fuel technologies, growing localisation of products and affordability of new-age technology as the key differentiators.

20170322_111841 copy

Making Indian roads safer

IMG_20170203_171723_1 copy

Multi-level education to play a crucial role to elevate safety.

Story by:

Anirudh Raheja

The sixth edition of Mahindra Transport Excellence awards set a high standard. Held on February 03, 2017, at Delhi, the awards, under the aegis of the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH), recognised performance, innovation and excellence in the trucking field. In what could be termed as a 14 per cent increase, 6164 case studies were undertaken, highlighting quality, positive change and innovation. The awards once again underlined Mahindra’s commitment towards girl child education through the ‘Mahindra Saarthi Abhiyaan’. The company also organised MSA Outperformer contest for MSA scholarship beneficiaries along with a short story contest to harness story telling power while making the roads safer.

Jay Prakash Singh of Bharti Bulk Carriers was felicitated with the ‘Super Outperformer Driver of the Year’ award. He was handed over keys of a Mahindra Blazo 25 for being a responsible driver, and for saving lives of people. Singh cleared the stringent psychomotor and psychometric tests along with a good understanding of the traffic rules. If Singh’s wining streak reflected upon his responsible behaviour and high regard for safety, a panel discussion just ahead of the awards ceremony focused on making roads safer.

Making roads safer

The panel discussion on making roads safer, moderated by Prof. G Raghuram, Faculty and Profressor of Public Systems Group, IIM – Ahmedabad, turned out be thought provoking. It delved upon the prime causes for road related deaths, and how awareness can be created to curtail such mishaps. Prof. Raghuram pointed out that over speeding is the major cause of accidents. He claimed that it were the cause of close to 41 per cent road accidents. The next cause, he said, was overtaking, at 32 per cent. Raghuram also drew attention to the consumption of alcohol by drivers. Truck drivers, he said, account for merely three per cent of the road deaths due to alcohol. “It is the driver, road engineering and vehicle that play a critical role in the transport ecosystem,” he added. According to Raghuram, regulations and other operational controls through traffic management system and police have to fall in place to create a safe ecosystem. “As buses handle a lot of passengers, it is important to take bold steps and create the necessary awareness across various platforms,” he averred.

Panelist Ravi Prasad, Chief Engineer – Road Safety, MoRTH, called for a need to reach to the root of every accident. He opined that every accident has multiple causes that are complex in nature. He drew attention to the four Es of road safety – Engineering, Education, Enforcement and Emergency Care. Stating that road engineering and road safety are of individual importance, Prasad said, “Despite being resource constraint, road engineering has moved at a pace that has left behind road safety due to numerous reasons.” “There is a gap that needs to be bridged through consistent and special efforts,” he quipped.

OEM role

On the role OEMs have come to play, Rajan Wadhera, President and Chief Executive, Truck and Powertrain Division, Head – MRV, and Member – Group Executive Board, Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd, expressed that the geometry of the vehicle plays a crucial role in a road accident. Stressing upon the introduction of seat belts, ABS, airbags and the usage of high tensile strength steel, vehicles are becoming safer, he added. Wadhera stated further, that due to various regulatory norms, road side body building of truck and bus bodies will be contained. Fully-built bodies will offer increased energy absorption capacity.” Drawing attention to Mahindra having joined hands with Savelife Foundation to make the Mumbai-Pune Expressway a zero fatality corridor, Wadhera said that the fully-built CVs will also influence a move towards stricter emission norms. Stating that the Mumbai-Pune corridor witnessed 150 deaths in the year 2016, Wadhera touched upon the identification of 2600 black spots that cause accident on the respective route. “600 black spots out of the 2600 black spots identified have been resolved,” he added.

Driver aspect

Lady truck driver Yogita Raghuvanshi and Jay Prakash Singh, as panelists, brought to the fore the driver aspect. Yogita drew attention to drivers being harassed unnecessarily for bribes. She and Singh stressed upon paying attention to the driver fraternity. It has been neglected for long, the duo said. Emphasising upon drivers often getting licenses without specialised training and tests, Yogita said, “Certified training schools are necessary to impart a sound understanding of vehicle size and manoeuvrability. It is necessary that the driver is attentive and has the presence of mind.” Singh stressed upon reducing the transit time for quicker transportation of food items. Said Yogita that overbridges across states are necessary as they minimise public movement and reduce time wastage in changing highways. Opined Singh that it is not the truck driver who is at fault always. He touched upon untimely vehicle parking on the road side that often causes avoidable accidents. “High beams make it uneasy for drivers to constantly concentrate on the road. Police and RTO in some states like UP, MP, Orissa, Chattisgarh and Rajasthan spell trouble for truck drivers. This is not the case in south India,” he added.

IMG_20151126_105636_065 copy

Possible solutions

Prof. Tamorish Kole, Chair, Academic Council, Society for Emergency Medicine and Advisor – Savelife Foundation, and Prerna Arora Singh, Road Safety Expert, Advocate and Educationist, opined that a lot needs to be done to make the roads safer. The two touched upon following traffic rules. “Right from the top to the bottom of the pyramid, capacity building is very important in India of all the stakeholders in this sector,” said Prerna Singh. Kole called for efforts to prevent accidents. A five per cent reduction in speed can lead to a fall in fatalities by 30 per cent, he reasoned.

Take away

The take away of the panel discussion was the need to follow traffic rules and drive responsibly. The take away was also on the identification of unsafe conditions, and to immediately address them. The panelists came to conclude that there should be one medical helpline. Emphasising upon the need for right education at all levels and in school curriculum, the panelists called for elimination of system discrepancies that lead to harassment of good Samaritans.

Positive developments reflect at Bauma Conexpo India


Bauma Conexpo India 2016 pointed at the positive developments the CE industry in India is experiencing.

Story by: Anirudh Raheja

Messe Munchen launched the Indian version of its Bauma fair in 2011. It was called as bCIndia. For the fourth edition, held at Delhi, between December 12 and December 15, 2016, the organiser decided to change the name from bCIndia to Bauma Conexpo India. Attracting 647 exhibitors from 30 countries, the fair drew more than 31,000 participants. Catering to construction machinery, building material and machines, mining machines and construction vehicles, the fair occupied 150,000 sq. m. of space at the HUDA Ground, Gurgaon. The Association of Equipment Manufacturers (AEM) was the joint organiser of the fair. Close support to the fair was lent by the Builders Association of India. Announcing a spurt in positive developments, Igor Palka, CEO, bC India Expo, expressed that signs of a turnaround in the construction equipment industry were visible. The construction equipment, industry, he added, registered a growth of close to 30 per cent over the last one year, driven largely by road construction and infrastructure development sector, which has grown by over 40 per cent due to heavy emphasis of the government. Palka mentioned, “India is currently the only Asian country that has shown great numbers in the construction equipment industry.” Referring to the immediate effect of demonetisation, Palka averred, “The Bauma Conexpo India fair makes an important platform.” With China, Italy, Spain Germany, USA and Canada showcasing their products and services in the form of their own pavilions, the fair underlined the re-emergence of positive sentiments.

Vipin Sondhi, Managing Director & CEO, JCB, said that they are getting a positive response from customers. Arvind K. Garg, Executive Vice President & Head – Construction & Mining Machinery Business. Larsen & Toubro, echoed Sondhi’s sentiments. Anand Sundaresan, President, ICEMA, and Vice Charmian and Managing Director, Schwing Stetter India, highlighted albeit a different side of the industry. He said, “ICEMA in collaboration with Department of Heavy Industries is in the process of setting up a test and certification facility for construction equipment, the feasibility study for which is currently being conducted.” Sundaresan drew attention to the skill development academy set up by the National Skill Development Corporation to train technicians and mechanics. To create a skilled workforce of two million in the next seven years.



At the fair, JCB made the most noise by launching seven new machines. The company, with an aim to help the customers to maximise productivity across mining, roads and highways sectors, announced the launch of its biggest excavator yet. The JCB 370LC is a 37-tonne hydraulic excavator designed and built to provide higher uptime with low owning and operating costs. Powering the 370LC is JCB’s new 4.8-litre Dieselmax 672 engine that uses EcoMAX combustion technology and an uprated cooling apparatus. Employing multi-stage fuel filtration system and hydraulic regeneration system, the new engine reduces fuel consumption by up to 25 per cent. Equipped with fully welded ‘x’ frame undercarriage, reinforced boom and dipper with internal baffle plates, JCB 370LC also flaunts graphite impregnated bronze bushes, which reduce its boom and dipper greasing intervals to 1000 hours for normal applications.

JCB also announced the launch of 305LC, a 30-tonne tracked excavator; JCB 220LC, a 22-tonne tracked excavator, and JCB 30Plus, a three-tonne excavator. JCB 30Plus is made at the company’s new facility at Jaipur whereas the 220LC comes equipped with a JCB engine that offers eight per cent better fuel efficiency over its predecessor. In wheel loaders, JCB launched a new 5.5-tonne 455ZX machine. In soil compactors, the company launched a new model in the form of 11-tonne VM116. Expressing that sales are yet to touch the 2011 level despite the market in growth mode, Sondi averred, “Roads and highways are leading growth. Some green shoots are also found in the irrigation sector.” Urban infrastructure, railways, and real estate have to come into play to ensure sustainable growth,” he added. Sondhi, touching upon the move to BSIV emission norms, announced that portfolio upgradation may be easy, but the need is to avail of BSIV compliant fuel. Availability of such fuel in remote areas for off-highway equipment could pose a problem, he said. At the fair, JCB launched Premier Line solutions that offer product support solutions in real time. The company has till date sold over 225 thousand machines. It has fitted Livelink advanced telematic solutions in 30,000 machines.


MAN Trucks India

MAN Trucks India unveiled CLA EVO range of trucks. Made at its plant at Pithampur near Indore, the range includes a CLA EVO 49.300 6×4 tractor and CLA EVO 25.300 6×4 tipper. The two are powered by a 300 hp, 6.9-litre six-cylinder D0836 common-rail turbo-diesel engine that generates 1150 Nm of torque at 1200-1800 rpm. The engine is mated to a nine-speed manual transmission. Clutch is a single disc asbestos free unit. Suspension is made up of parabolic leaf springs, and the front axle is a cranked forged I-beam type. Rear suspension of the truck is a bell crank design with a fully floating hypoid axle. The tipper is equipped with a planetary hub reduction axle. The rear suspension of the tipper is of the heavy-duty bogie type. Both the MAN trucks are fitted with a s cam, dual circuit, air actuated drum brakes. ABS is standard. Said Joerg Mommertz, Chairman and Managing Director, MAN Trucks India, “With the new range, we are celebrating 10 years of our existence in India. With GST round the corner, vehicle utilisation is set to go up. Our new range is well equipped for better fuel efficiency and performance.” At the fair, MAN Trucks India and Total Oil Pvt. Ltd, jointly launched MAN branded lubricants. These include engine, transmission and axle oils.


Schwing Stetter India

Schwing Stetter India (SSI) unleashed 14 new products at the show. Foraying into industrial and environmental technology products, the company displayed a truck mounted crane QY85KA-Y apart from a wheel loader (LW180K); a heavy-duty stationary pump (SP4507), a transit mixer with pump (TMP 32.6), a recycling plant (RA20), smartec sludge pump, batching plant M30Z with inline silo, crank arm type aerial work platform (GTBZ14J), piling rig (XR130E), horizontal directional drilling machine (XZ450 plus) and a scissors aerial lift platform (GT JZ10). Expressed Sundaresan, that the prices of land should go down to accelerate the development of infrastructure. He stressed upon the need for various ministries to complement each other to achieve an all-inclusive growth. “Such growth will lead to the growth of construction equipment market in India,” he said. Sources at Schwing Stetter said that they are looking at the truck mounted crane market to grow well. Growth, according to them, would come from the need to have such platforms to perform simple tasks such as trimming of trees or service utilities like street lamps to performing complex tasks such as examination and repair of structures and bridges. The QY85KA-Y truck mounted crane has a lot riding on its shoulders.



Volvo Construction Equipment launched two new compactors, DD90B and SD110BA. Both the compactors are built at the company’s Bangalore facility. The DD90B is a double drum asphalt compactor whereas the SD110BA is a single drum compactor that sports a locally built engine, which is capable of withstanding the Indian operating conditions. Volvo CE also showcased the P5320B ABG paver, which offers 2.5 to 7 m paving width across medium and large scale projects. The company also showcased a 21-tonne EC210D and 25-tonne EC 250D excavators that are claimed to be suitable for a variety of applications including material handling and irrigation projects. “In the excavator categories above 30-tonnes, we have enjoyed huge success with our D Series models. The EC300D, EC480 and EC750D are well-known and popular in India,” said Dimitrov Krishnan, Vice President, Sales and Marketing, Volvo CE India. “The new models will also offer good performance,” he added.


Action Construction Equipment

Action Construction Equipment showcased five new products at the show. These included a 4WD tractor for industrial haulage and construction activites; a spider type boom placer, backhoe loader AX124, 4×4 20-tonne pick and carry crane for heavy duty applications, and a 40-tonne truck mounted crane. The crane is mounted on a dedicated chassis developed in-house to enhance the centre of gravity of the machine. “Market was expected to reach 2011 level next year. Demonetisation has impacted sales by 15-20 per cent. This could make the market to shift to a latter date. Growth would thus be delayed by six to eight months, and liquidity may take three to five months to come back,” mentioned Sorab Agarwal, Executive Director, ACE. With the implementation of GST, Agarwal said, manufacturing facilities will benefit by one to two per cent. Cross border movement, he added, will be simplified. Touching upon five to 10 per cent buyers opting for AC cabins, Agarwal opined that the shift to AC cabins will continue to be gradual going forward.


SANY India

Occupying a 2620 sq. m. display area, Sany India displayed 15 new machines at the fair. Five of these were excavators which includes five new excavators, a five-tonne tower crane (SYT63), asphalt paver (SAP200-6S), rotary drill rig (SR205C10), and two excavators (SY-220 C-9 for quarry excavation, and SY-240 C-9HD heavy-duty 24-tonne machine). Sany in India is claimed to have recorded good growth over the past few years. Said Sanjay Saxena, Vice President and Business Unit head- Heavy Equipment and Concrete, Sany India, that the Indian operations are being developed into a a global manufacturing hub. “Where it is geographically and logistically possible, the thrust is to develop India as a cost competitive manufacturing hub,” he added. Sany spends up to seven per cent of its revenues on R&D globally. The aim, Saxena said, was to localise. The cranes produced by Sany in India are up to 40 per cent localised. The batching plants are 90 pre cent localised, and the concrete mixers are 100 per cent localised. Sany India, averred Saxena, has already invested Rs.600 crores in its manufacturing facility at Chakan, Pune.



SDLG India unveiled two new machines at Bauma Conexpo India. These include a L933 wheel loader and a G9 138 motor grader. The launch is in response to the government emphasising on infrastructure development. The G9 138 motor grader has an articulated swing frame for flexibility. The frame enables the machine to move at acute angles in confined spaces. The motor grader is powered by Deutz BF4M1013-15T3R/2 Tier III engine with a 111 kW output. Transmission is ZF 6WG 200. The L933 wheel loader is powered by a 92 kW Weichai Deutz WP6G125E331 turbocharged engine. The wheel loader is fitted with a load sensing fully hydraulic system. It is a single pump design that lowers power consumption. The wheel loader is easy to operate through a fixed shaft powershift transmission, which enhances traction. Expressed Sanu George, Business head, SDLG India, “In the three-tonne class, there has been a constant rise in the demand for wheel loaders in India. Contractors in the road building industry are under greater scrutiny than ever before, and reliability and uptime have become more important than ever.”


Case Construction

An arm of CNH industrial, Case Construction launched three new dozers at Bauma Conexpo India. The three new dozers, 1150L, 1650L and 2050M, are sourced from Brazil. They are powered by a six-cylinder 6.7-litre turbocharged diesel engine developed by FPT Industrial. The engine is air inter-cooled, and has multi-injection technology, which enhances the torque, and therefore the work output of the machine. Catering to CE operators in the 12- to 13-tonne, 16- to 18-tonne and 20- to 21-tonne segments, Case Construction also unveiled a vibratory compactor called 1107EX. Built at the company’s Pithampur plant, the 1107EX is powered by a FPT Industrial 3.9-litre S8000 engine that produces 100 hp @ 2,200 rpm and a peak torque of 435 Nm at 1,300 rpm. The engine is equipped with an Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR) system for better fuel efficiency. The hydrostatic variable speed control ensures uniform compaction, and at good speed for every soil type. The vibratory compactor is aimed at agricultural application as well as urban construction projects. “We are developing a new plant for Case Construction in Pune for Case IH and New Holland (for agricultural machinery for large harvesters) with an investment of up to Rs.500 crores,” said Shalabh Chaturvedi, Head Marketing, Case New Holland Construction Equipment India. According to him, the launch of GST will allow free movement of machinery and will allow the customer to buy machinery from any state, and commit to new projects and machinery across any state.



Caterpillar presented two new products, CAT 320D2 GC hydraulic excavator and 950L wheel loader, at the fair. With government emphasising on road construction segment, Caterpillar expects sales to grow past the peak growth the CE industry experienced in 2011. Caterpillar also showcased CAT Connect, a telematics solution, that allows operators to monitor machine health remotely. CAT Connect enables assessment of total hours of machine operation, its fuel consumption, idle time and average fuel consumption rate among others. In an effort to aid the managers to better control as well as direct their company’s operations, Caterpillar is looking at reducing costs and increasing efficiency at the job site with the help of CAT Connect.



LiuGong premiered a 856H wheel loader. It is fitted with a Cummins QSL 9.3-litre engine that produces 220hp power at 2,200 rpm. The BSIII compliant engine has been tailored to meet specific requirements of the construction business. The wheel loader is fitted with a ZF 4WG208 planetary type transmission. The load sensing hydraulic system of the wheel loader supplies power to the working and steering function as per the demand, saving fuel consumption in the process. To arrive at a robust structure, the company has used advanced analysis tools to achieve good dynamics and stiffness. Special attention has been given to strengthen the front and rear chassis sections, hinge joints and arms. ZF wet axles at the front and rear ensure maximum traction and reduce slippage on tricky surfaces. According to Nischal Mehrotra, Director, LiuGong India Pvt Ltd, the 856H is fitted with two pumps that offer variable displacement, extend the life of hydraulic components and increase the fuel economy. Working over an eight hour shift, the 856H saves 20-litres of fuel over its predecessor (856), he added.


Kobelco India

Kobelco India showcased a hydraulic crawler crane, CKL 2600i. Built at its Sri City plant in Andhra Pradesh, the crane is powered by a water-cooled direct injection Hino P11C-UN turbo-diesel engine. The engine generates a peak torque of 1,300 Nm @ 1,500 rpm. The body of the hydraulic crawler is of steel welded sections. The axles and crawler assemblies are designed to disconnect quickly. They are designed for individual removal from axles. The four variable displacement piston pumps are driven by a heavy duty pump drive. Two of these pumps are used for main hook hoist circuit, auxiliary hook hoist circuit, jib hoist circuit and to propel each circuit. The third pump is used for boom hoist circuit, and the fourth pump is utilised for the swing circuit. The crane now has a lifting capacity of 260-tonne with a maximum crane boom length of 91.4 m. Kobelco has received bookings for 10 cranes already from Samarth Lifters Pvt. Ltd., Mumbai.


Liebherr showcased a mobile crane model, LTM 1250-5.1. It is a single engine, five-axle crane, and succeeds the highly acclaimed LTM 1220-5.2 mobile crane. The LTM 1250-5.1 offers a load capacity higher than the LTM 1220-5.2 by up to 20 per cent. Liebherr has kept the length of its telescopic boom fixed at 60 m. Equipped with VarioBallast, the LTM 1250-5.1 crane can operate on different ballast radii of 5.58 m to 4.78m. Using mechanically swiveling ballast cylinders, the ballast radius of the crane can be reduced by 800 mm. This would enable it to perform well in areas where restricted operating space is less. Liebherr also showcased a top slewing NC-B tower crane with a flat top design. The crane was developed to address the requirements of infrastructure projects in urban areas, and where space is a constraint. The tower crane has been engineered for robust performance, and can lift heavy parts used for the building of shopping malls and car park. The crane is also said to suit high rise buildings in an urban landscape.


Apollo Tyres

Apollo Tyres displayed a range of construction equipment tyres. Attracting the attention of visitors was the AWL 822 tyre. It is the largest loader tyre made in India. It is designed for dozers and loaders, and is engineered for use in high abrasion environment. The tyes has strong nylon carcass and special lug design to enable high load carrying capability. The tyre also comes with a side protector to ensure that its shoulder and side walls are resistant to cuts. Designed and developed for a longer service life, the AWL 822 tyre has a special tread design with stone ejectors. The AWL 833 tyre was first unveiled by the company at the International Mining and Machinery Exhibition (IMME) 2014, Kolkata.


BKT Tyres

OTR tyre major, BKT Tyres showcased the Earthmax SR45 radial earth mover tyre at the fair. The tyre employs a steel casing and steel belts for enhanced stability and better resistance to punctures. The tread design offers more traction and mileage; it is 70 mm deep, and offers self cleaning properties for ejecting stones and rubbles. With a maximum loading capacity of 40,800 lbs at 102 psi, the deep tread design results in a smoother and silent operation. The Earthmax SR45 tyre is suitable for a variety of operations under harsh conditions, and at construction and mining sites. With five manufacturing plants in India, BKT specialises in a diverse range of OTR tyres. It has recently entered the market for two wheeler tyres. Also supplying ATV and solid rubber tyres for golf carts, fork lifts, etc., the company exports close to 90 per cent of what it produces. The export markets BKT Tyres caters to number 120. They are spread across US, Europe and Africa.

The world of Automechanika Frankfurt 2016

A binneial automotive fair, Automechanika Frankfurt 2016 saw CV aftermarket players participate.

Story by:

Team CV

Held between September 13 and September 17, Automechanika Frankfurt 2016 saw the participation of 4,820 exhibitors from 76 countries, up from 4,660 participants from 74 countries in 2014. Organised by Messe Frankfurt, the biennial automotive fair for aftermarket, showcased innovations and solutions ranging from components to equipment, and from accessories to workshop equipment. Attracting 1.36 lakh visitors from 170 countries, the fair, spread over an area of 592,127 sq. m., inclusive of the ten exhibition halls and an open area, highlighted aftermarket’s contribution towards lightweighting, connectivity, electronics, etc. Knorr-Bremse launched a new brand, ‘EconX’, to focus on re-manufactured products that offer environment friendly solutions to refurbish old trucks. Under ‘EconX’ brand were displayed SN7 disc brakes and electronic clutch actuators. Increasing its aftermarket thrust through distribution partnership with Technomatik in the field of compressed air cylinders, Knorr-Bremse would soon start supplying air, oil, fuel and interior filters for trucks and buses. Having acquired Spheros, Valeo showcased two bus ACs – Citysphere Compact and Thermo E 200/320. Jost, for the first time, showcased spare parts for Mercedes-Benz trailer axles. Also on display were fifth wheel couplings, landing gears and towing hitches the company manufactures. Wulf Gaertner Autoparts showcased heavy-duty stabiliser links under its Meyle brand for commercial vehicles.

Indian participation

As many as 30 Indian auto component manufacturers participated in the show. They did so under the aegis of the Automotive Component Manufacturer’s Association (ACMA). Occupying over 650 sq. m. of space, the participants highlighted their technological competitiveness. The ‘India Day’ celebration by ACMA saw eminent Indian speakers stress upon the opportunities and challenges the Indian automotive industry offers as well as faces. Automotive aftermarket in India is expected to grow to USD 32 billion by 2026 from the current USD 6.5 billion. To support its automotive suppliers and aftermarket forces, India too has got its own Automechanika show. The next event edition is scheduled to be held between March 21 and March 24 next year at Delhi.

Busworld India 2016 brings the bus industry together


Held at Bangalore, the seventh edition of Busworld India saw the bus industry come together and showcase its strength.

Story by:

Bhushan Mhapralkar

The seventh edition of Busworld India 2016 opened its gates to visitors in the morning of November 10, 2016, at Bangalore’s International Exhibition Center. The fair was organised by Kortrijk-based Busworld International, and supported by ASRTU, ARAI, IRU, ICAT and BOCI. Inaugurated by Bart De Groof, Consul General of Belgium in the presence of Oleg Kamberski, Head – President Transport, IRU, Didier Ramoudt, President, Busworld International, Rajender Kumar Kataria, Managing Director, KSRTC, and Vice President ASRTU, Prasanna Patwardhan, Chairman and Managing Director, Prasanna Purple, and President BOCI, Hakan Agnevall, President, Volvo Bus Corporation, Jan Deman, Busworld Academy, and Rajan Sharma, Managing Director, Inter Ads Exhibitions Pvt. Ltd., the fair saw the showcasing of some of the most interesting buses available in India. Right at the front were parked two Alma Mammoth buses. Painted in an attractive shade of yellow and red, they marked the India launch of these buses. Of particular interest was the yellow bus, a sleeper coach derivative of the Mammoth. Built on a MAN front-engine (power bumped to 280 hp) bus platform, the Mammoth marks the flagship offering in the inter-city bus space of the Mumbai-based MG Group. Expressed Anil Kamat, Managing Director, MG Group, “We will be launching the Mammoth in the domestic market in seater and sleeper variants. With it, we are set to transform the bus building industry in India.” The Mammoth is expected to cost in the range of Rs.60 to Rs.65 lakh.

img_20161110_120255030-copy img_20161110_105750276-copy img_20161110_105737957-copy

Bus makers sparkle

In what could be termed as the highlight of the fair, the MG Group also unveiled a tarmac coach. Unveiled by R V Deshpande, Minister for Large and Medium Scale Industries, Infrastructure Development, Government of Karnataka, the bus, called the Columbus, is a monocoque ultra-low and flat-floor design. With a passenger entry floor height of as low as 290 mm (after kneeling), the Columbus seats 8 people, and can accommodate 67 people. It is powered by a 230 hp Cummins engine, and features a smartly designed interior. Offering swift passenger entry and exit with five passenger doors (three on the left, and two on the right side), the Columbus is equipped with a six-speed ZF auto transmission. Featuring a double drop front axle, the Columbus has a fully composite and leak-proof roof panel. Lighting is LED intensive. Incorporating technologies like ECAS, ABS, and CANBus, the Columbus tarmac bus meets the Airport Handling Manual regulations.


Volvo Buses unveiled the 12 m long B8R luxury bus. It will replace the B7R platform, and is powered by a 330 hp, 8-litre (D8C) engine made by VE Commercial Vehicles at its Pithampur plant. This is in line with the announcement to localise key aggregates. Volvo also announced the upgrading of its 13.8 m multi-axle 9400. The inter-city luxury coach gets a new, more powerful 410 hp, 11-litre BSIV compliant engine over the earlier 9-litre engine. The 11-litre engine of the 14.5 m Volvo coach has been upgraded to BSIV emission standards. The bus featured driver drowsiness alert, breath analyser and a chemical toilet. Its Prakash Fainsa push-back seats had individual mobile charging points. Said Akash Passey, Senior Vice President – Business Region International, Volvo Bus Corporation, “India is one of our home markets, and we are focussed on the market to maintain a strong position. We are addressing the demand of our customers for localised products. The 8-litre engine, the heart of the vehicle, we have localised, and this would reflect on the cost and maintenance of the vehicle. On the 14.5 m bus, we have upgraded the engine so that the performance will improve for the end-customer. It will improve the operating performance of the customer.” About return on investment in connection with premium buses, Passey averred, “It is not about the bus being expensive, but about taxes. They have increased. Fare differentials associated with premium buses is vanning. Effective fare realisation is lower than earlier, and is impacting ROI. There is a need to have a tax structure in place. Today, 30 to 40 per cent of the bus cost is paid as taxes to the Government of India and directly or indirectly to states. Hopefully the GST will address this. In the case of per seat taxation, we are looking at the new Motor Vehicle Act. The economy is down. When it is good, more people move around. The ROI for premium buses, like ours should be five to seven years.”


SML Isuzu displayed two new buses, a 20-seater Executive Ex Coach based on a longer, 4240 mm wheelbase. The other bus, the Ecomax, is built on a smaller, 2815 mm wheelbase, and can seat 13 people. It can be had with an air conditioner and individual mobile charging points. Daimler India Commercial Vehicles displayed a BharatBenz staff and school bus. While industry sources claim that Wrightbus has pulled out of the Indian venture, the two buses (school and staff) made for a pretty site. Either bus is powered by a 140 hp, 3.9-litre four-cylinder common-rail turbodiesel BSIV engine. Transmission is a 6-speed manual unit, and the bus features ABS and tilt adjustable steering. Capable of seating 49 people (with 3×2 seat configuration) and 26 people with push back 2×1 type seats, the BharatBenz buses are said to be based on the Fuso Fighter platform. The suspension of the buses is made up of parabolic leaf springs, double-acting telescopic shock absorbers and anti-roll bars with stabilisers.



Bus ancillary manufacturers were out in good force at the fair. At the forefront were the bus AC manufacturers. Expressed K P Singh, Director-India Region, Eberspaecher Suetrak India, that they are experiencing good growth. “Our production has risen from 3000 units to 5000 units,” he said. Displaying bus air conditioning systems, Sphere Thermal Systems Private Limited showcased an (electrical) air conditioner for hybrid and electric buses. The company, said Pramod Verma, Vice President, specialises in central air conditioning, transport air conditioning and refrigeration products. Indulging in the insulation bit of reefer trucks, Sphere, according to Verma, offers bus ACs in the 5kW to 50 kW range. Having a technical tie-up with Guchen, China, the company has grown 400 per cent since inception in 2011 according to Verma. The market for bus ACs, he avers, is between 20,000 and 25,000 units as compared to 12,000 and 14,000 units five years ago. Mentioned Verma, that market penetration of bus ACs is still at 20 to 25 per cent, and there is big potential for growth. The areas for growth, he outlined, include staff buses, school buses and tourist buses. STUs, said Verma, are bulk buyers. Their AC buses are helping them to earn good revenue, he added.

Shatrughan Kumar, Director, Trans ACNR, expressed that it is easy to build an AC due to easy availability of parts, the challenge lies in providing the right support. He drew attention to a service app. his company has launched. Referring to south India as a strong AC bus market, Kumar announced that they command 90 per cent of the AC bus market in Kerala. Regarding growth, Kumar said that they have already fitted 5500 ACs as compared to 3200 ACs last year. He stressed upon addressing customer needs. Trans ACNR, said Kumar, is offering its customers AMCs tailored to meet their needs. This, he quipped, saves the operator from unexpected expenses and sudden surprises.

img_20161111_115840162-copyimg_20161111_104741863-copy img_20161110_141529839-copy

Spheros Motherson displayed its range of bus ACs, including the unit it offers for hybrid and electric buses. According to Cyril Xavier, COO, Spheros Motherson Thermal Systems Ltd., “Sheer performance and reliability is what we are banking upon.” “We have a product for the premium, and for the aftermarket.” Pointing at the new CC355 bus AC, which will replace the CC350, Xavier avers, “No one’s stronger than the other in the bus business. One stop solution is being demanded by operators, and is driving a market for fully-built buses. Demand for midi- and larger bus ACs is growing.” The Revo ACs Spheros Motherson offers is born out of the need to address energy efficiency needs of premium bus manufacturers. Claimed Xavier that their Revo E has been fitted to the Tata Starbus Hybrid bus.

Austrain company, Fasching Salzburg Gmbh displayed a wide range of seat belt systems for buses. The sales director and authorised officer of the company, Harald Pebl Ing, expressed, “Safety initiative should be inculcated in India. Awareness has to be infused in the culture.” Seat belts, he mentioned, are not new for the Indian market. Drawing attention to the regulatory norms being slated for November 2017, Pebl averred that seat belts will get its regulatory ordinance. He stressed upon fitting inter-city buses with seat belts. “We want to tap the Indian market with our core strength,” he added.



France-based Actia Group put on display bus instrument consoles and dials. The company has a subsidiary in India, and specialises in electronic vehicle management, power electronics, transport equipment and services, telecommunication, obsolescence management, and workshop euipment and services. Anurag Jain, Chief Operating Officer, Actia India Pvt., Ltd., said, “Multiplex is necessary, but will be looked at only when the regulatory norms instruct so. Considering the volatile driver market, cabin ambiance is important. In this direction, we are providing onboard solutions, telematics and diagnostics solutions, both at the aftermarket and OEM level.” Stressing upon producing a product that has the provision for upgrading and interpolating, Jain averred, “We are supplying BSVI driven products to the European market. Our products are qualified to war-front the atmospheric conditions. The demand for message centre and communication is increasing. The number of ECUs (Electronic Control Units) is multiplying. Authenticity of data is a challenge, and our system can get rid of the challenges and network efficiently.”

Sika India displayed the range of bonding solutions it offers to the bus industry. These include polyurethane, polyurethane hybrid, epoxy hybrid, hotmelt adhesive and reactive, and laminating adhesive technology solutions. Catering to clients like Tata Marcopolo, Ashok Leyland and Scania, Belgaum-based RG Fibrotech displayed bus front and rear fascia. Bangalore-based Mecolam Engineering displayed fibreglass products like fascias, dashboards, engine covers, etc., that it offers to the bus industry. Lamilux (India) highlighted its composite solutions for buses. Said Cosima-Klinger Paul, Managing Director, Lamilux India Private Ltd., that weight is the criteria that Lamilux is pushing in the bus industry with FRP products. “Mahindra is contemplating the use of our FRP products in the bus that they are developing,” she added. Lamilux is catering to the needs of ACGL and JBM in India.

Valeo displayed its range of compressors for bus air conditioners whereas Doga India put up an attractive display of its wiper systems. The company will begin manufacturing these early next year. Apart from windshield wiper and washer systems, the company specialises in window lift systems, geared and non-geared motors, gas springs, tank systems, and electrofans, blower and air ducts.

20161110_142513-copy 20161110_163454-copy20161110_142513-copy 20161110_181952-copy

Hyderabad-based Smartdrive showcased alcohol detection solutions like breath analysers. J.S.S Steelitalia Ltd. displayed an exposed tubular section of the bus body. The company is promoting the use of stainless steel tubes for bus body construction in the interest of safety, reliability, lower operating cost and better fuel economy. Specialising in transportation décor, Niemla put on display fabrics that find use in bus seating systems. Putting up an attractive bus seating system display were Pinnacle Industries. Specialising in the cutomisation of Force Travellers, PKN (Prime Engitech Pvt. Ltd.), displayed some very interesting trim parts and an air conditioner. Catering to almost all the bus makers and bus body builders, Pacoline Industries, displayed mirror assemblies, interior lights, reflectors, warning triangles, steering wheels, spray suppression flaps and other plastic components that find use in the construction of a bus.

img_20161110_141027299-copy img_20161110_124655210-copy

Make in India

Singing the ‘Made in India’ note, the Busworld India 2016 saw the participation of 77 exhibitors. With a good mix of domestic and international players, the absence of key bus manufacturers, Ashok Leyland and Tata Motors, failed to dampen the spirit of the show. Some very exciting buses from Daimler India, SML Isuzu, Volvo Buses India, and the MG Group were the high point. In what felt like a slightly subdued affair when compared to the last edition held at Mumbai in 2015, Busworld India 2016 was successful in bringing the bus industry together. It were perhaps the sudden demonetisation announcement by prime minister Narendra Modi on the evening of November 8, 2019, that weighed on the minds of visitors. Footfall felt like it was affected. Good connectivity to the exhibition venue was lacking.