The Society of Indian Automobile Manufacturers (SIAM) has revealed that the investment on new regulations is in the region of Rs.one-lakh crore. This would entail the upgrading of products to meet the tightening emission norms, and safety and fuel efficiency. The investment would also include the development of new platforms, emission norms, safety upgrades and fuel efficiency. According to SIAM sources, the big change in CVs will be the move up to BSVI emission norms in 2020. Advanced after-treatment systems and components will command investments. Also, the need to develop technologies and new ways of dealing with challenges that may arise, given the emerging trend for disruptive change that the industry has had to face. If the advanced after-treatment systems installed in BSVI vehicles will have to be imported initially, an amount of cost will have to be accounted for that as well.